Ceiling fans can be quite helpful during a warm summer day, but nothing’s worse than a running fan that won’t blow air. If your fan is spinning without creating airflow, it’s time to find a solution. The potential causes range from quick fixes to full fan replacements, so it’s important to know why your fan won’t function properly.
Your ceiling fan isn’t blowing air for these reasons:
- Fan rotation issues
- Wrong fan size
- Tilted base
- Height misalignments
- Incorrect fan style
- Poor blade speed
- Improper CFM rating
- Grinding bearings
- Misaligned blades
- Electrical problems
In today’s article, we’ll dive into the ten explanations for why your ceiling fan won’t blow air, what you can do about it, and whether or not you have the wrong fan. We’ll also provide a few suggestions to look for when choosing a fan.
1. Incorrect Fan Blade Rotation
The direction your fan spins directly influences whether or not you feel the air. Contrary to popular belief, you won’t feel the airflow too much if you have your fan set to clockwise rotation. When a fan moves clockwise (to the left), it pulls air upward, sending the air throughout the room and down the walls.
On the other hand, a fan spinning counterclockwise pushes the air downward. You’ll feel the air directly under the fan, but not as much when you stand to its side. Almost all ceiling fans have a switch that lets you adjust the fan’s direction. Your fan might’ve been switched, or it could’ve been adjusted before the manufacturer shipped it.
How To Fix
Resetting or adjusting your fan’s direction is quite simple. Follow these instructions:
- Turn off the fan to stop it from rotating. It’s never a good idea to switch the direction while it’s moving because it can grind the motor.
- Locate the switch near the motor’s base above the fan blades. Flip it to the other direction, ensuring it’s locked to prevent it from swinging back to the clockwise setting.
- The Ultimate Home Life shows all you have to do is turn on the fan to watch it flow in the opposite direction. Your fan should move counterclockwise, pushing the air down onto the floor below it.
2. Improper Ceiling Fan Size
If the fan is too small, you won’t feel the air enough. There are many ways that a fan can be unfit for a room, including if it can’t handle the square footage. Below, we’ll discuss the two factors that can make a fan too small or too big for a space.
- Small fan blades don’t offer enough surface area to move enough air. Your fan blades can rotate all day without providing the much-needed cooling feeling you’re looking for.
- Small fan motors don’t provide enough power for heavy blades or high speeds. You’ll be stuck with a sluggish, slow fan that can’t catch up and make a noticeable difference.
How To Fix
Upgrade your ceiling fan’s blades to increase the fan’s effectiveness. Using a short-bladed fan won’t do much for a large room. Instead, choose fan blades between 48 to 60 inches. Bigger blades move more air so that you can gauge the size based on the room’s square footage.
The good news is that you can put new, bigger blades on most ceiling fans without replacing the base or motor. Simply unscrew each of the blades from their arms and slide in the new blades. However, if the bigger blades droop or pull the motor down, they’re too heavy.
3. Tilted Motor Base
Long-term wear and tear can rotate the motor’s base. If your ceiling fan wobbles or looks a little different than it used to, the base might be tilted. A tilted base will put more weight on one side than the other, slowing down its rotation. The fan won’t rotate enough to cool you down or pull air upward, so it’s essential to repair it.
Other symptoms of a tilted motor base include:
- Clicking or ticking when the fan is running (it usually gets louder at higher speeds)
- The blades could look lower on one side
- Loose screws on the fan arms (the part that holds the blade)
- Exposed wires above the motor base touching the ceiling
How To Fix
Try these tips to fix a tilted motor base:
- Tighten the screws mounting the base to the ceiling.
- Secure each of the blade screws to their respective arms to stop them from wobbling.
- Check if the ceiling screws are stripped, which could lower them and prevent them from getting a strong grip.
- Use drywall screws if the ceiling is made of chalky, old drywall.
- Tighten any hanging chains, switches, and other parts that turn on the fan.
If none of these suggestions work and the fan still hangs lower than it used to, you’ll have to climb into the attic and ensure it’s secure up there.
4. Fan Height Issues
Ceiling Fans HQ explains that your fan’s height can alter its performance. If the fan is too high, you won’t feel enough airflow. These effects are accentuated by small blades and motors. If you have high ceilings, it’s important to hang the fan low enough to make an impact. Bigger blades can help with this common issue, though.
However, if the ceiling fan is too low, the concentrated air funnel will only blow on a small portion of the room. The air pushes downward without enough space to fan out toward the walls. The result is a warm room with a focused spot of cold air.
How To Fix
If your fan is hanging on a chain or pole, you can easily adjust the height. Remove some of the chains or telescope the pole (if it’s an adjustable model). Keep the adjustments within one to two inches, test the fan, then make additional adjustments if necessary.
Mounted fans that rely on a stationary base need to be replaced if their height can’t be altered. Fortunately, most motor bases are short enough to keep the fan as high as possible. If you feel that the fan is too high because the ceiling is vaulted or raised, we suggest getting a hanging chain ceiling fan.
5. Unfit Blade Style and Shape
Unfortunately, not all ceiling fans are designed for high performance and functionality. Many fans are made for fashion and appearance. If your fan has a base or blades that don’t suit your needs, it might be time for a new fan setup.
Many manufacturers create unique styles for places that don’t need too much airflow. They’re also great for houses with whole-house fans, excellent ventilation systems, and net-zero homes with a decent cross breeze.
How To Fix
The best way to know which fan blades work for your ceiling fan is through trial and error. There aren’t many specs to look for other than CFM, fan blade size, and speed adjustments. The CFM will help you know if your fan is the right design for the room.
Many ceiling fan blades have descriptions that indicate whether they’re made for fashion or functionality. If your ceiling fan is made for fashion or style, it won’t move too much. Below, we’ll cover the importance of fan speeds and CFM to ensure you choose a fan for functionality rather than looks.
6. Slow Fan Speeds
If your fan isn’t moving fast enough, it won’t push a lot of air. This issue is especially present in older fans that have seen better days. They often encounter a host of wear and tear problems. Check if your fan has multiple speeds, then set it to the highest rating before deciding if you need to make modifications.
How To Fix
There are two main things you can do to increase your fan’s speed:
- Get a bigger fan with more speed adjustments. Some fans only run at one or two speeds, making them less effective for big spaces and warm climates. If you have a single-speed fan, it’ll likely be extremely loud and fast or slow and quiet. Unfortunately, there’s usually no in-between option.
- Switch your fan’s speed with the provided remote or pull chain. Lower fan speeds are often designed to promote ventilation, not a cooling, fresh-air feeling. The low speed helps to prevent dust from settling, but you’ll have to increase it if you want better airflow and comfort.
7. Low CFM Rating
CFM, also known as cubic feet per minute, so a rating system used to determine how much air a fan can move. Lumens claims that if your fan has a low CFM rating, it’s made for smaller rooms. Checking a fan’s rating is critical because it can help you determine if you need a bigger model, larger blades, or if it’s adequate for the space.
How To Fix
Calculating your fan’s CFM rating is quite easy. While some people use complex formulas and guides, you can get the correct CFM with this simple formula:
- Multiply the room’s length, width, and height.
- Take the previous number and multiply it by 10 to 15 (depending on how much airflow you want).
- The final number is your desired CFM, which is what the new fan should be.
Keep in mind that a higher CFM rating typically costs more energy and money to run. However, it doesn’t have to be louder. Choosing a high-quality ceiling fan will lower the noise output without affecting the airflow.
8. Grinding Bearings
All ceiling fan motors have bearings that provide balance, direction, and the ability to rotate. Lack of lubrication causes the bearings to grind and scrape. This metal-on-mention friction makes a loud screeching noise while slowing the fan. Less speed equates to slower airflow, so you won’t feel the ventilation as much as you should.
How To Fix
If the bearings grind too much and they’re rusted or corroded, the fan’s base needs to be replaced. The motor’s bearings can only face so much wear and tear before they’re rendered useless. However, you can fix newly worn bearings.
Try the Liquid Bearings All-Synthetic Oil to lubricate the bearings on your ceiling fan. Locate the oil inlet (there should be a symbol or spot on the owner’s manual to show where your fan’s oil input is). Squeeze a few drops of oil onto the bearings, then turn on the fan. The squeaking sound should go away, helping your fan speed up.
9. Misaligned Fan Blades
When the fan’s blades are misaligned, they can’t distribute the weight evenly. This process causes the fan to slide to the side upon each rotation. The slowed movements limit the airflow, much like the grinding bearings example. The good news is that misaligned blades are some of the easiest issues to repair on a ceiling fan.
How To Fix
Aligning your fan’s blades can make a world of difference. Follow this process:
- Turn off the fan.
- Choose a blade arm and slightly loosen all of the screws.
- Realign the fan blade, so it’s sticking out straight, then tighten the screws.
- Make these minor adjustments on each fan blade.
- Test your work by turning on the fan and checking if each blade is aligned correctly.
If the blades keep loosening, they might need bigger screws to stay tightened. Stripped fan blades need to be replaced.
10. Poor Electrical Connections
Your ceiling fan can have low-quality electrical connections that slow the fan’s speed and airflow, including:
- Loose or damaged wires
- Not enough voltage, wattage, or amperage
- An oversized motor that demands too much power
- Improper electrical wire gauge
How To Fix
Here’s what you can do about poor electrical connections:
- Tighten loose wires and replace stripped, worn, or broken wires.
- Test the voltage at the breaker to ensure there’s between 120v to 220v, depending on the fan’s requirements.
- Replace any circuit breaker that isn’t supplying the proper voltage.
- Make sure the fan is using the wire gauge recommended by the manufacturer.
- Check modified or new motors to make sure they’re not too big for the ceiling fan.
All ceiling fans come stock with the proper wire gauge and motor size, so these issues are almost always found between the fan and the breaker box.